Indication for Humalog Brand of Insulins
Humalog® is a rapid-acting human insulin analog indicated to improve glycemic control in adults and children with diabetes mellitus. Humalog® Mix75/25™ (75% insulin lispro protamine suspension and 25% insulin lispro injection) and Humalog® Mix50/50™ (50% insulin lispro protamine suspension and 50% insulin lispro injection) are indicated in the treatment of adults with diabetes mellitus for the control of hyperglycemia.
Important Safety Information for Humalog Brand of Insulins
- Humalog, Humalog Mix75/25, and Humalog Mix50/50 are contraindicated during episodes of hypoglycemia and in patients who are hypersensitive to Humalog or any of its excipients.
Warnings and Precautions
- Never Share a Humalog KwikPen, Humalog Junior KwikPen, Humalog Mix75/25 KwikPen, or Humalog Mix50/50 KwikPen, Cartridge, Reusable Pen Compatible with Lilly 3 mL Cartridges, or Syringe Between Patients: Humalog, Humalog Mix75/25, and Humalog Mix50/50 KwikPens, cartridges, and reusable pens compatible with Lilly 3 mL cartridges must never be shared between patients, even if the needle is changed. Patients using Humalog, Humalog Mix75/25, or Humalog Mix50/50 vials must never share needles or syringes with another person. Sharing poses a risk for transmission of blood-borne pathogens.
- Changes in Insulin Regimen: Changes may affect glycemic control and predispose to hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. These changes should be made cautiously under close medical supervision and the frequency of blood glucose monitoring should be increased.
- Hypoglycemia: Severe hypoglycemia may be life threatening and can cause seizures or death. Hypoglycemia is the most common adverse reaction of Humalog, Humalog Mix75/25, and Humalog Mix50/50. The patient’s ability to concentrate and react may be impaired as a result of hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia can happen suddenly and symptoms may vary for each person and may change over time. Early warning symptoms of hypoglycemia may be different or less pronounced under conditions such as long-standing diabetes, diabetic nerve disease, use of medications such as beta-blockers, or in patients who experience recurrent hypoglycemia. These situations may result in severe hypoglycemia and possibly loss of consciousness prior to the patient’s awareness of hypoglycemia.
- Timing of hypoglycemia usually reflects the time-action profile of administered insulins which may vary in different individuals or at different times in the same individual. Other factors such as changes in food intake, injection site, exercise, and concomitant medications may increase the risk of hypoglycemia.
- Educate patients to recognize and manage hypoglycemia. In patients at higher risk for hypoglycemia and patients with reduced symptomatic awareness, increased frequency of blood glucose monitoring is recommended. Patients with renal or hepatic impairment may be at higher risk of hypoglycemia.
- Hypoglycemia Due to Medication Errors: Instruct patients to always check the insulin label before each injection to avoid medication errors.
- Humalog U-200 should not be transferred from the Humalog KwikPen to a syringe as overdose and severe hypoglycemia can occur.
- Hypersensitivity Reactions: Severe, life-threatening, generalized allergy, including anaphylaxis, can occur with Humalog, Humalog Mix75/25, and Humalog Mix50/50. If hypersensitivity reactions occur, discontinue the use of insulin and treat per standard of care until signs and symptoms resolve.
- Hypokalemia: Hypokalemia may be life threatening. Insulins, including Humalog, Humalog Mix75/25, and Humalog Mix50/50, cause a shift in potassium from the extracellular to intracellular space possibly leading to hypokalemia, which, if untreated, may result in respiratory paralysis, ventricular arrhythmia, and death. Monitor potassium levels in patients at risk for hypokalemia (eg, patients using potassium-lowering medications or medications sensitive to serum potassium concentrations).
- Fluid Retention and Heart Failure with Concomitant Use of PPAR-gamma Agonists: Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), which are PPAR-gamma agonists, can cause dose-related fluid retention, particularly when used in combination with insulin, including Humalog, Humalog Mix75/25, and Humalog Mix50/50. This may lead to or exacerbate heart failure. Observe patients for signs and symptoms of heart failure and consider discontinuation or dose reduction of the PPAR-gamma agonist.
- Hyperglycemia and Ketoacidosis Due to Insulin Pump Device Malfunction: Malfunction of the insulin pump device, infusion set, or insulin degradation can rapidly lead to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis. Patients using subcutaneous insulin infusion pumps must be trained to administer insulin by injection and have alternate insulin therapy available in case of pump failure.
- Some medications may alter glucose metabolism, insulin requirements, and the risk for hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. Signs of hypoglycemia may be reduced or absent in patients taking anti-adrenergic drugs. Particularly close monitoring may be required.
- Adverse reactions associated with Humalog include hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, allergic reactions, injection-site reactions, lipodystrophy, pruritus, rash, weight gain, and peripheral edema.
Use in Specific Populations
- Humalog has not been studied in children with type 1 diabetes less than 3 years of age or in children with type 2 diabetes. Safety and effectiveness of Humalog Mix75/25 and Humalog Mix50/50 in patients less than 18 years of age have not been established.
Dosage and Administration
- Humalog should be given within 15 minutes before or immediately after a meal.
- Humalog Mix75/25 and Humalog Mix50/50 should be given within 15 minutes before a meal.
- Humalog U-100 can be administered intravenously under medical supervision with close monitoring of blood glucose and potassium levels to avoid hypoglycemia and hypokalemia. Do NOT administer Humalog Mix75/25, Humalog Mix50/50, or Humalog U-200 intravenously.
- Humalog U-100 for subcutaneous injection should only be mixed with NPH insulin. If Humalog U-100 is mixed with NPH insulin, Humalog should be drawn into the syringe first. Injection should occur immediately after mixing. Do NOT mix Humalog Mix75/25, Humalog Mix50/50, or Humalog U-200 in a syringe with any other insulin.
- Humalog U-100 should not be diluted or mixed when used in an external insulin pump. Change Humalog U-100 in the reservoir at least every 7 days. Change the infusion set and insertion site at least every 3 days. Do NOT use Humalog Mix75/25, Humalog Mix50/50, or Humalog U-200 in a subcutaneous insulin infusion pump.
- Do NOT perform dose conversion when using either the Humalog U-100 or Humalog U-200 KwikPens. The dose window shows the number of insulin units to be delivered and no conversion is needed.
Please see Instructions for Use included with the pen.
HUMALOG BOI HCP ISI 03AUG2017
Humalog®, Humalog® KwikPen® and Humalog® Junior KwikPen® are registered trademarks owned or licensed by Eli Lilly and Company, its subsidiaries, or affiliates, and are available by prescription only.
Humalog® Mix75/25™, Humalog® Mix50/50™, Humalog® Mix75/25™ KwikPen®, and Humalog® Mix50/50™KwikPen® are trademarks of Eli Lilly and Company and are available by prescription only.